Hussey and the Adelies

Leonard Hussey, Meteorologist

During the afternoon three adelie penguins approached the ship across the floe while Hussey was discoursing sweet music on the banjo. The solemn-looking little birds appeared to appreciate It’s a Long Way to Tipperary, but they fled in horror when Hussey treated them to a little of the music that comes from Scotland.

— Ernest Shackleton, South


photo, Frank Hurley: First Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914

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It’s a Long Way to Tipperary

[It’s a Long Way to Tipperary, sung by Tom Yorke, 1914; as played on a 78]

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Shivering from truck to kelson

“Very slow progress, having re-entered fields of enormous floes. Many over a square mile in area, and with very little open water. All day we have been utilising the ship as a battering-ram. Backing and then full speed ahead at the barring floes. We admire our sturdy little ship which seems to take a delight in combating our common enemy, shattering the floes in grand style. When the ship comes in contact with the ice, she stops dead, shivering from truck to kelson; then almost immediately a long crack starts from our bows into which we steam, and like a wedge, slowly force the crack sufficiently to enable a passage to be made; and so it has been all day, and I suppose shall be for many days to come. Secure an Emperor Penguin for the larder.”

— Frank Hurley, Diaries

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As far as the eye could reach


“The pack extended in all directions as far as the eye could reach.”

— Ernest Shackleton

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“Wild shot a young Ross seal on the floe, and we manoeuvred the ship alongside. Hudson jumped down, bent a line on to the seal, and the pair of them were hauled up. The seal was 4 ft. 9 in. long and weighed about ninety pounds. He was a young male and proved very good eating, but when dressed and minus the blubber made little more than a square meal for our twenty-eight men, with a few scraps for our breakfast and tea. The stomach contained only amphipods about an inch long, allied to those found in the whales at Grytviken.”

— Ernest Shackleton, South

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“Large numbers of bergs, mostly tabular in form, lay to the west of the islands, and we noticed that many of them were yellow with diatoms.”

— Ernest Shackleton, South

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Entering the pack

Endurance entered the pack in earnest at latitude 59˚ 46″ S, longitude 18˚ 22″ W; 11 December 1914.

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